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Ex-defence chiefs united in criticism of sending aircraft carrier into East Asia


The decision to shift the UK’s foreign policy attention towards the Indo-Pacific and send an aircraft carrier into the region has been criticised by former defence chiefs.

The Prime Minister’s Integrated Review of security, defence, development and post-Brexit foreign policy last week outlined a “tilt” in focus towards the Indo-Pacific, in a move recognising the growing influence of China on the world stage.

The announcement was then followed by the defence command paper on Monday which announced that older tanks, ships and warplanes will be axed or phased out early, while the Army will have its overall strength reduced by around 10,000 as part of modernisation plans.

We’ve got to come to terms with China and find a way of working with it and I’m not certain that sending the carrier strike group is going to be particularly helpful in that respect

Lord Richards of Herstmonceux, who was chief of defence staff from 2010 to 2013, said he was worried that the cuts to the armed forces would mean the global ambitions laid out in the Integrated Review would go unfulfilled.

Giving evidence to the Commons Defence Committee, Lord Richards said: “Are our ambitions achievable given the amount as a country we are prepared to put into delivering on them? I fear the answer is not.”

He told MPs on Tuesday that he thought Britain should focus on strengthening its military influence in Europe and the Atlantic rather than stretch its “limited” forces to covering Asia as well.

“I’m worried that ‘global Britain’ – as much as I’m with it in principle as a patriotic chap – is not deliverable in defence terms,” said the former head of the armed forces.

“We ought to be centring our effort on Nato, on the Euro-Atlantic area – which are militarily deliverable and hugely strategically influential – and not risk heavy-packaging our more limited forces around the world, not necessarily gaining any extra influence because they haven’t got the sufficient mass in any particular place to gain that influence.”

Both Lord Richards and Lord Houghton of Richmond, who was chief of defence staff between 2014-16, questioned the decision to send aircraft carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth into the Indo-Pacific.

The 65,000 tonne carrier, capable of carrying up to 40 aircraft, will head to the Mediterranean, Indian Ocean and East Asia later this year as part of the UK’s Carrier Strike Group.

Despite the deployment, the Integrated Review called for a “positive trade and investment relationship” with Beijing in the run-up to 2030, ignoring lobbying from senior Tories for relations to be cooled.

Lord Richards was chief of defence staff from 2010 to 2013 / PA Media


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