Getafe’s Allan Nyom was shown a red card after a VAR review for a crunching tackle on Atletico’s Renan Lodi in the 70th minute but the visitors could not make their advantage count.
Atletico did manage to put the ball in the net in the second half when Joao Felix nodded in a cross from Marcos Llorente but it did not count as the ball had gone out of play, while substitute Moussa Dembele missed two good chances to score.
Diego Simeone’s side lead the standings on 63 points while Real Madrid are second on 57 and third-placed Barcelona can reduce the gap behind Atletico to four points if they beat Huesca at home on Monday.
“We have two monsters behind us who want to be where we are and it’s normal that they’re putting the pressure on us, we have been leaders for a long time,” said Simeone.
“Madrid are winning games, Barcelona are full of hope and enthusiasm but we’ll continue to take each game as it comes.”
“We did a lot of things well today but if you only draw it means you have not done enough,” said Atletico keeper Jan Oblak.
“Getafe play a tough brand of football, a little different from the rest and it’s never been easy against them.”
Getafe have now failed to score against Atletico in 19 consecutive games in all competitions since Simeone took charge in 2012 but they had several chances to take the lead, going closest when Enes Unal fired at goal from inside the box but was foiled by Oblak.
Getafe keeper David Soria was even more decisive, keeping out an early strike from Yannick Carrasco then thwarting Dembele late in the second half.
Dembele was fortunate not to concede a penalty when he appeared to foul.